Geophagy among pregnant and lactating women in Bondo District, western Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Luoba, Alfred I.
dc.contributor.author Geissler, Wenzel P.
dc.contributor.author Estambale, Benson B.
dc.contributor.author Ouma, John H.
dc.contributor.author Magnussen, Pascal
dc.contributor.author Alusala, Dorkas
dc.contributor.author Ayah, Rosemary
dc.contributor.author Mwaniki, David
dc.contributor.author Friis, Henrik
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-20T09:01:14Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-20T09:01:14Z
dc.date.issued 2004-12
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trstmh.2004.01.009
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.jooust.ac.ke:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1285
dc.description.abstract Geophagy was studied among 827 pregnant women in western Kenya, during and after pregnancy. The women were recruited at a gestational age of 14–24 weeks and followed-up to 6 months post-partum. The median age (range) of the women was 23 years and median parity 2. At recruitment, 378 were eating earth, of which most (65%) reported earth-eating before pregnancy. The preferred type of earth eaten was soft stone, known locally as odowa (54.2%) and earth from termite mounds (42.8%). The prevalence remained high during pregnancy, and then declined to 34.5% and 29.6% at 3 and 6 months post-partum respectively (P < 0.001). The mean daily earth intake was 44.5 g during pregnancy, which declined to 25.5 g during lactation (P < 0.001). A random sample of 204 stools was collected from the women and analysed for silica content as a tracer for earth-eating. The mean silica content was 2.1% of the dry weight of stool. Geophagous women had a higher mean silica content than the non-geophagous ones (3.1% vs. 1.4%, P < 0.001). Faecal silica and reported geophagy were strongly correlated (P < 0.001). en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Nutrition en_US
dc.subject Women en_US
dc.subject Geophagy en_US
dc.subject Pregnancy en_US
dc.subject Culture en_US
dc.subject Kenya en_US
dc.title Geophagy among pregnant and lactating women in Bondo District, western Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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