Nutrient composition of four species of winged termites consumed in western Kenya

Show simple item record Kinyuru, John N. Konyole, Silvenus O. Roos, Nanna Onyango, Christine A. Owino, Victor O. Owuor, Bethwell O. Estambale, Benson B. Friis, Henrik Aagaard-Hansen, Jens Kenji, Glaston M. 2018-06-29T06:04:27Z 2018-06-29T06:04:27Z 2013
dc.description en_US
dc.description.abstract The objective of this study was to gain knowledge on the nutrient composition of Macrotermes subhylanus, Pseudacanthotermes militaris, Macrotermes bellicosus and Pseudacanthotermes spiniger termite species consumed in western Kenya. Proximate, iron, zinc, calcium and fatty acid composition were analysed in order to ascertain their potential in food-based strategies to improve nutritional health. The fat content was 44.82–47.31 g/100 g, protein 33.51–39.74 g/100 g, available carbohydrate 0.72–8.73 g/100 g, iron 53.33–115.97 mg/100 g and zinc 7.10–12.86 mg/100 g. The level of unsaturated fatty acids was 50.54–67.83%, while n-6:n-3 ratio ranged between 5.80:1.00 and 57.70:1.00, signifying potential nutritional and public health significance. The termites may be exploited to provide high-quality diets especially in the developing countries, which have been plagued by iron and zinc deficiencies as well as poor supply of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid sources. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Entomophagy en_US
dc.subject Edible insects en_US
dc.subject Nutrition en_US
dc.subject Iron en_US
dc.subject Zinc en_US
dc.subject Polyunsaturated fatty acids en_US
dc.subject Food analysis en_US
dc.subject Food composition en_US
dc.subject Biodiversity and nutrition en_US
dc.subject Indigenous food en_US
dc.title Nutrient composition of four species of winged termites consumed in western Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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