Floral Genetics of African Nightshade (Solanum section Solanum)

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dc.contributor.author Ojiewo, Christopher Ochieng
dc.contributor.author Murakami, Kenji
dc.contributor.author Masinde, Peter Wafula
dc.contributor.author Agong', Stephen G.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-12T13:49:26Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-12T13:49:26Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.uri file:///C:/Users/PC/Desktop/IJPDB_floralgenetics.pdf
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.jooust.ac.ke:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1374
dc.description.abstract Solanum section Solanum, centering on the species commonly known as African nightshade, and botanically known as the “Solanum nigrum complex” is composed of a large number of morphogenetically distinct taxa, with certain common features. Their wide tolerance of habitat types, early flowering and prolific fruit production are adaptive features for success in the wild, semi-wild or weedy forms. In most parts of Africa and south-east Asia, their consumption, demand and market value as leafy vegetables have been on the rapid and steady rise in recent years due to their high nutritional and health benefits. However, production of these vegetables has traditionally remained on kitchen-garden scales with very low leaf yields. Notably, competition between vegetative and reproductive functions accounts for this low yield. Accurate manipulation of the switch from vegetative to reproductive development or elimination of the latter would potentially delay, reduce or eliminate competition from excess fruit load. A thermosensitive abnormal floral organ mutant (T-5) with sepaloid, stamenless and indeterminate phases has been induced in the sub-taxon S. villosum. The mutant will form an important basis for understanding reproductive developmental steps, such as floral induction, meristem formation, and organ development in African nightshade. This review explores the established floral genetic models as a basis to elucidate the aspects of floral genetics of African nightshade, with special reference to the T-5 mutant. __________________________________________________________ en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher International Journal of Plant Developmental Biology en_US
dc.subject abnormal floral organ en_US
dc.subject floral architecture en_US
dc.subject restoration en_US
dc.subject Solanum nigrum en_US
dc.subject temperature-dependent en_US
dc.title Floral Genetics of African Nightshade (Solanum section Solanum) en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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