Sensitivity of peatland herbaceous vegetation to vapor pressure deficit influences net ecosystem CO2 exchange

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dc.contributor.author Ochuodho, Dennis O.
dc.contributor.author Lindner, Steve
dc.contributor.author Muhr, Jan
dc.contributor.author Borken, Werner
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-14T07:09:15Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-14T07:09:15Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.issn 1943-6246
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.jooust.ac.ke:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/2695
dc.description.abstract Mountain peatlands in the temperate regions represent a small proportion of the global peatland resource, but play a unique, although less recognized role in the regional water and biogeochemical cycles. We conducted leaf and ecosystem CO2 exchange measurements during the growing period of 2008 to investigate the effects of vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and ground water level (WL) on leaf gas exchange of two dominant herbaceous species, Molinia caerulea (L.) and Carex nigra (L.) in a mountain peatland. Implications of the leaf-level responses for net ecosystem CO2 exchange (NEE) were examined. Fluctuations in WL influenced soil water content (SWC) within the top 5 cm of the peat profile. Although midday leaf water potential during the day (Ψmd) was positively correlated (P < 0.001) with SWC in the 5 cm peat profile, there was no direct relationship between WL and plant water relations parameters. VPD and stomatal conductance (gs) were negatively correlated at VPD >1 kPa regardless of the current WL status. Stomatal conductance was positively correlated with leaf assimilation (A) and root-shoot hydraulic conductance (Ks-l). A decline in NEE during summer was attributed to stomatal closure due to high VPD and low light utilization efficiency (α) of the vegetation. Ecosystem respiration (Reco) was positively correlated with peat temperature at 10 cm depth. Our results suggest that increases in VPD, as a possible scenario of climate change, would lower the photosynthetic capacity of the herbaceous peatland vegetation, despite the high WL, and hence lower the potential of such peatlands as sinks for atmospheric CO2. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Society of Wetland Scientists en_US
dc.subject Ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange en_US
dc.subject Ground water level en_US
dc.subject Leaf transpiration en_US
dc.subject Grass-dominated peatland, en_US
dc.subject Root-shoot hydraulic conductance en_US
dc.subject Stomatal regulation Vapor pressure deficit. en_US
dc.title Sensitivity of peatland herbaceous vegetation to vapor pressure deficit influences net ecosystem CO2 exchange en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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